Buying a home is one of the most special moments in a person’s life. It is a long-term
an investment that needs careful consideration. Buying a house on a home loan has
several tax benefits that one should be aware of. The government encourages
investment in houses and offers many tax benefits on home loans under Section 24,
Section 80C, Section 80EE, and Section 80EEA. If you are planning to avail a home loan
for your dream house, you should surely understand the tax benefits that each section
It is important to note that tax deductions for house properties cannot be allowed
before the construction of the property. If a loan is taken for the repair, reconstruction,
or renovation of a property, tax dedication cannot be claimed. Tax deductions can only be
claimed if the home loan is taken for the construction or purchase of a property.
What is a Pre-construction Interest?
When you take a home loan for the construction of a property, you can claim a pre-
construction interest. The pre-construction period starts at the date of borrowing the
home loan or the commencement of the construction of the house property. The amount of pre-
construction interest that can be claimed should not exceed 2 lakhs in a financial year.
The tax deduction is allowed in 5 equal installments starting from the year in which you
purchased the house or after the completion of the construction of the property.
The repayment of Home Loans can be done in two ways, principal repayment and
interest repayment. Since the repayment is done by two different components, they are
governed by different sections of the Income Tax Act. Section 80 governs repayment of
the principal amount, and Section 24 governs repayment of the interest. If you are a first-
time home buyer, Section 80EE and Section 80EEA offer additional tax benefits for you.
● Under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act,1961 maximum tax deduction of Rs
1,50,000 is allowed as repayment of the principal amount on the Home Loan by a
● This tax deduction is allowed for various investments such as National Savings
Certificate, PPF Account, Tax Saving Fixed Deposits, Equity Oriented Mutual
funds, Senior Citizens Saving Scheme, etc.
● This involves stamp duty and registration charges as well, which can be claimed
only once. An important point to note under this section is that tax deduction is
applicable only after the construction is completed and required certificates are
● Section 80C(5) states that in case the owner decides to sell the property within 5
years he does not get any tax benefits, and The aggregate amount claimed in the
previous years is considered as income, and the assessee is liable to pay tax on
● Under Section 24 of the Income Tax Act, 1961, a maximum tax deduction of Rs.
2,00,000 is allowed as repayment of interest on a Home loan by HUF/Individual.
● The interest paid as EMI for the year can be claimed as a deduction from your
● A tax deduction is deductible on a payable basis i.e. on an accrual basis.
Deductions can be claimed every year even if no payment has been made that
● For non-self-occupied properties, no maximum limit has been prescribed, and the
taxpayer can claim the whole interest amount.
● The assessee is eligible to claim tax deduction only if the construction is
completed within 5 years.
● House Property should not be sold within 5 years of possession u/s 80c.
● If the property is not constructed within 5 years, the interest benefits reduce from
2 lakhs to Rs. 30,000 only.
● Under Section 80EE of the Income Tax Act, 1961 maximum tax deduction of Rs
50,000 is allowed as repayment of interest for first-time home buyers.
● This amount can be claimed beyond the tax benefits provided by Section 24 and
● The value of the house purchased should be Rs 50 lakhs or less, and the home
loan availed should be Rs 35 lakhs or less.
● The home loan must be sanctioned between 1st April 2016 to 31st March 2017
to avail of tax benefits provided by this section.
● The introduction of Section 80EEA in 2019 was undertaken to meet the
objectives of the “Housing for all” program.
● It extends the benefits provided by Section 80EE for FY 2019-2020.
● Similar to Section 80EE, this section is also applicable only to first-time home
● The taxpayer should not own any other house property on the date of sanction of
the home loan.
● A maximum tax deduction of Rs 1,50,000 is allowed as repayment of interest if
you meet the criteria provided under Section 80EEA.
● This amount is over and beyond the tax benefits provided by Sections 24 and 80C.
Hence, a total tax benefit of Rs 3,50,000 can be availed as repayment of interest
on home loans.
● The value of the house property should be Rs 45 lakhs or less.
Tax Benefits for Joint Owners
Tax benefits on joint home loans can be claimed by joint owners, provided certain
criteria are met. Ownership of the property is a prerequisite; hence they must be co-
owners of the property. Secondly, they must be co-borrowers of the home loan. Lastly,
the construction of the property must be complete. For properties under construction,
tax benefits are not available.
In several cases, you may be a co-borrower of the home loan but not a co-owner of the
property. In such cases, tax benefits cannot be claimed by both co-borrowers.
For self-occupied properties, each co-owner who is also a co-borrower of the home loan
can claim Rs 2,00,000 in his income tax returns.
You need to furnish statements mentioning all the required details stating the amount
payable and the amount paid as principal and interest amounts. Based on your
statement, tax deductions can be claimed. After claiming the tax deductions, the
amount of tax left to be paid is as per the balance income of an individual as per the
Income Tax Slab Rates.